Periodontal Disease – Signs, Causes and Treatment

Periodontal disease, also known as Periodontitis or gum disease, is a serious gum infection that causes damage to the soft tissue and deteriorates the bone that supports the teeth. This disease is more common but largely preventable and curable.  Periodontal disease is the vital source of tooth loss in adults. However, if periodontitis is identified early and proper oral care is maintained, the damage can be stopped.

Signs and symptoms of Periodontal disease

Bleeding gums – Your gums might start bleeding while eating, brushing or flossing when your gums are infected.

Swollen, red or painful gums – Gums appearing swollen, red and sensitive might be a sign of gum infection.

Exposed roots or longer looking teeth – Roots being exposed and teeth appearing longer is a major sign that infection is affecting your gums surrounding the teeth.

Bad breath – An infection in your mouth or gums can lead to halitosis or bad breath. Sometimes, bad breath is accompanied by heartburn if you are a victim of periodontal disease.

Loose teeth or a change in the way your teeth fit when you bite – If your teeth tremble too much or you feel unnatural when biting, it is a sign of periodontal disease.

Pus between the teeth and gums – If you observe pus coming from between your teeth and gums, it is a serious sign of gum infection.

Causes of periodontitis

Periodontal disease is caused due to poor oral hygiene. When you don’t brush your teeth and clean your mouth properly, the bacteria grow and build upon your teeth leading to the formation of dental plaque. If you don’t brush your teeth properly, the bacteria gets settled on the teeth and deposits minerals within the plaque, known as tartar, which over time makes the bacterial infection grow towards the root of the tooth. Later, this tartar causes irritation and inflammation of the gum around the base of the teeth (gingivitis), which creates a gap between the root and the gum of the tooth. In such gaps, harmful anaerobic bacteria form and develop, causing severe damage to the gums and the supporting bones of the teeth.

There are also certain factors that can increase your risk of periodontal disease

  • Smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Poor oral health habits
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Older age
  • Obesity
  • Substance abuse
  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Genetics
  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Certain diseases and medications that can impact your immune system

How is periodontitis treated?

Good oral hygiene – Use proper brushing technique and floss properly. Brushing your teeth twice a day using fluoride toothpaste can help maintain your oral health. Using an electric toothbrush can also be more effective. Quit smoking or chewing tobacco.

Professional teeth cleaning – Visit the best dental hospital in Tamil Nadu for a professional cleaning at least twice a year. They can offer you deep cleaning, which help scrape off tartar and plaque can build up on your teeth.

Antibiotics – If your gum infection does not react to cleaning, then your dentist may prescribe antibiotics in the form of mouthwash, gel or tablet to treat gum infections.

Surgery – If inflammation persists your dentist may recommend a flap surgery to clean the deposits under your gum. This procedure is done under anesthesia and if you’ve had bone loss, bone grafting procedure is done along with the flap surgery to regenerate the lost bone.

The bottom line

Regular dental hygiene is imperative to have a good oral health. Periodontal disease can be prevented and treated early enough. The treatment for periodontal disease is typically very successful. Ensure that you are in the right hands for a positive outcome. Soorya Dental Care, the best dental clinic in Sivagangai, offers treatment for periodontal disease with the help of their highly experienced and qualified team of dentists. Contact them to schedule your appointment.

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